Vent Fields

Welcome to Version 2 (an older version) of the InterRidge Global Database of Active Submarine Hydrothermal Vent Fields (the “InterRidge Vents Database”).
To sort the list of Vent Fields, click on a column header.
To view details for a specific Vent Field, click on the Name ID.
To view the subset of Vent Fields that contain a specific category, click on the category (for example, "active, confirmed" in the "Activity" column).

Vent Field Name IDsort descending Activity Tectonic Setting Region Latitude Longitude Maximum or Single Reported Depth Year and How Discovered (if active, visual confirmation is listed first)
EPR, northern 17 N segment active, inferred mid-ocean ridge N EPR 17.67 -105.01 2 800 1997 plume only
EPR, Ridge 1, 20 40'S propaging rift active, confirmed mid-ocean ridge S EPR -20.83 -114.17 3 000 1983 Deep Tow camera
EPR, Ridge 3, 20 40'S propaging rift active, confirmed mid-ocean ridge S EPR -20.33 -113.68 3 050 1983 Deep Tow camera
EPR, Seamount 5 active, inferred mid-ocean ridge N EPR 13.00 -103.50 1 100 1988 or earlier camera and/or submersible (need to check reference)
EPR, southern 16 N segment active, inferred mid-ocean ridge N EPR 15.50 -105.40 2 300 1997 plume only
EPR, southern 17 N segment active, inferred mid-ocean ridge N EPR 16.58 -105.30 2 700 1997 plume only
EPR/Tamayo intersection active, inferred mid-ocean ridge N EPR 22.93 -108.07 3 200 1979 submersible Alvin did not confirm activity
Esmeralda Bank active, confirmed arc volcano Mariana Arc 14.97 145.25 323 1990 towed video and TV-grab; 1978 hydrothermal deposits only
ESR, E2 active, confirmed back-arc spreading center East Scotia Ridge -56.06 -30.33 2 700 2009 towed video; 1999 plume only; 2010 ROV Isis
ESR, E5 active, inferred back-arc spreading center East Scotia Ridge -57.50 -30.20 3 000 1999 plume only
ESR, E9 active, confirmed back-arc spreading center East Scotia Ridge -60.05 -29.93 2 400 2009 towed video; 1999 plume only; 2010 ROV Isis
ET active, inferred mid-ocean ridge JdF Ridge 48.20 -128.93 2 500 NotProvided
Europa active, confirmed mid-ocean ridge Mid-Cayman Rise 18.35 -81.85 2 300 2010 ROTV HyBIS; 2009 plume only, not observed on dive with hybrid ROV Nereus
Eva active, inferred arc volcano New Hebrides Arc -22.00 170.75 1 600 2008 plume only
Evan active, confirmed mid-ocean ridge N MAR 37.27 -32.28 1 775 2006 submersible Nautile
EX/FX Zone active, inferred mid-ocean ridge CIR -21.50 68.42 3 000 1987 or earlier plume and deposits only
Explorer Deep inactive mid-ocean ridge Explorer Ridge 50.08 -129.75 3 200 NotProvided
Extensional Relay Zone A active, inferred back-arc spreading center North Fiji Basin -16.17 177.42 2 335 1999 towed camera did not confirm activity
Eye of Mordor Seamount active, inferred mid-ocean ridge Galapagos Rift 1.94 -91.31 1 555 2005 plume only
Eyjafjördur active, confirmed mid-ocean ridge Kolbeinsey Ridge 65.85 -18.13 65 1997, likely by SCUBA
Feather Duster active, confirmed mid-ocean ridge N EPR 10.93 -103.68 2 520 1984 towed camera and submersible Alvin
Floc active, confirmed mid-ocean ridge JdF Ridge 46.31 -129.71 2 290 1993 DEEPTOW and submersible Alvin
Flow active, confirmed mid-ocean ridge JdF Ridge 46.53 -129.58 2 390 1993 ROV ROPOS
Forecast active, confirmed arc volcano Mariana Arc 13.40 143.92 1 470 1992 submersible Shinkai 6500
Franklin Seamount active, confirmed back-arc spreading center Woodlark Basin -9.91 151.83 2 366 1990 submersible Mir
FRSC, Central active, inferred back-arc spreading center Lau Basin -16.49 -174.54 2 419 2004 plume only
FRSC, RC 129 and CTD 24 plume sites active, inferred back-arc spreading center Lau Basin -17.03 -174.50 1 650 2004 plume only; 2004 dredging
FRSC, South Central active, inferred back-arc spreading center Lau Basin -16.67 -174.52 1 820 2004 plume only; 2006 plume and chimney samples; 2009 camera tow and sampling (activity not confirmed)
Fukujin volcano active, inferred arc volcano Mariana Arc 21.93 143.47 1 100 1987 deposits only
Gakkel Ridge, 7.5 E active, inferred mid-ocean ridge Gakkel Ridge 85.02 7.45 3 600 2001 plume only

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