Vent Fields

Welcome to Version 2 (an older version) of the InterRidge Global Database of Active Submarine Hydrothermal Vent Fields (the “InterRidge Vents Database”).
To sort the list of Vent Fields, click on a column header.
To view details for a specific Vent Field, click on the Name ID.
To view the subset of Vent Fields that contain a specific category, click on the category (for example, "active, confirmed" in the "Activity" column).

Vent Field Name IDsort ascending Activity Tectonic Setting Region Latitude Longitude Maximum or Single Reported Depth Year and How Discovered (if active, visual confirmation is listed first)
Zenith-Victory inactive mid-ocean ridge N MAR 20.13 -45.62 2 390 2008 (need citation to confirm that the field was discovered by TV-profiling and dredging)
Zealandia active, inferred arc volcano Mariana Arc 16.88 145.85 144 2003 plume only; 2009 or earlier ROV did not confirm activity
Yaeyama Graben active, confirmed back-arc spreading center Okinawa Trough 25.23 124.88 1 850 2000 submersible Shinkai 6500; 1986 seafloor photos did not confirm activity
Wright volcanic center active, confirmed arc volcano Kermadec Arc -31.85 -179.19 1 165 2005 submersible PISCES V; 2004 plume NZAPLUME III cruise
Woodlark Basin, Segment 5B active, inferred back-arc spreading center Woodlark Basin -9.25 156.19 3 550 1986 plume only; 2000 plume only
Woodlark Basin, Segment 3B active, inferred back-arc spreading center Woodlark Basin -9.80 155.07 3 300 2009 plume only
White Point, Palos Verde, California active, confirmed other Coastal California 33.70 -118.32 10 1984 or earlier, likely by SCUBA
White Lady active, confirmed back-arc spreading center North Fiji Basin -16.98 173.92 2 000 1988 towed camera and plume; 1989 submersible Nautile
White Church active, confirmed back-arc spreading center Lau Basin -21.96 -176.52 1 960 1989 submersible Nautile; 2004 plume survey
Whale Island active, confirmed back-arc spreading center Taupo Volcanic Zone -37.85 176.97 45 1990 or earlier, likely by SCUBA
western Manus Basin, Bismarck Sea inactive back-arc spreading center Manus Basin -3.00 147.00 1 800 NotProvided
West Valley Segment active, inferred mid-ocean ridge JdF Ridge 48.48 -129.04 3 000 1992 or earlier deposits only
West Rota volcano active, confirmed arc volcano Mariana Arc 14.33 144.83 1 150 2005 ROV Hyper-Dolphin; 2003 plume only; 2004 ROV ROPOS did not observe venting
West Mata submarine volcano active, confirmed arc volcano Tonga Arc -15.08 -173.75 1 208 2009 ROV Jason II; 2008 eruption plume detected
West Fiji Ridge active, inferred back-arc spreading center North Fiji Basin -17.00 176.00 3 000 1995 deep tow
Walsh active, inferred mid-ocean ridge Mid-Cayman Rise 17.93 -81.78 4 000 2009 plume only
Wagner Basin active, inferred mid-ocean ridge Gulf of California 31.07 -114.08 120 2007 echosounder and grab samples
W Syoyo active, inferred arc volcano Mariana Arc 22.51 142.53 2 150 2003 plume only
W Los Huellos Caldera active, inferred mid-ocean ridge Galapagos Rift 1.00 -90.60 1 600 2005 plume only
W Eye of Mordor inactive mid-ocean ridge Galapagos Rift 1.97 -91.39 1 600 2005 towed video Medea observed inactive chimneys
Vulkanolog active, confirmed arc volcano Kermadec Arc -30.69 -178.45 130 1979 and 1998 (need to check references); 2002 plume not detected NZAPLUME II
Vulcano active, confirmed arc volcano Aeolian Arc, Tyrrhenian Sea 38.40 15.00 8 1960's shallow vents
Von Damm active, confirmed mid-ocean ridge Mid-Cayman Rise 18.38 -81.80 2 300 April 2010 (Autosub6000 AUV and HyBIS TVG; November 2009 (plume only)
Volcano O active, inferred back-arc spreading center Lau Basin -15.42 -174.02 1 635 2008 commercial ROV (report does not confirm activity); 2003 plume only; 2004 dredging (SS11/2004 cruise); 2005 plume only
Vityaz megamullion active, inferred mid-ocean ridge CIR -5.40 68.58 3 500 1979 plume and deposits only
Vienna Woods, Hydrothermal Field 4 active, confirmed back-arc spreading center Manus Basin -3.37 150.04 2 240 1990 TV-grab
Vienna Woods active, confirmed back-arc spreading center Manus Basin -3.17 150.28 2 500 1990 TV-grab (also same year, sampled by submersible Mir); 1985 (or 1986) camera tow vent fauna and inactive chimneys
VFR, unnamed active, inferred back-arc spreading center Lau Basin -22.52 -176.65 1 970 2004 plume only
VFR, plume 4 active, inferred back-arc spreading center Lau Basin -22.34 -176.66 1 700 2004 plume only
VFR, plume 3 active, inferred back-arc spreading center Lau Basin -22.40 -176.68 1 980 2004 plume only

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