Vent Fields

Welcome to Version 2 (an older version) of the InterRidge Global Database of Active Submarine Hydrothermal Vent Fields (the “InterRidge Vents Database”).
To sort the list of Vent Fields, click on a column header.
To view details for a specific Vent Field, click on the Name ID.
To view the subset of Vent Fields that contain a specific category, click on the category (for example, "active, confirmed" in the "Activity" column).

Vent Field Name ID Activity Tectonic Settingsort descending Region Latitude Longitude Maximum or Single Reported Depth Year and How Discovered (if active, visual confirmation is listed first)
AAR KR1 active, inferred -62.00 160.00 2011
AAR KR2 active, inferred -60.00 152.50 2011
Putoto volcanic center active, inferred arc volcano Kermadec Arc -27.68 -177.61 700 2004 plume and dredging NZAPLUME III expedition
Havre active, inferred arc volcano Kermadec Arc -31.10 -179.03 1 505 2002 plume only
Kemp Caldera active, confirmed arc volcano South Sandwich Arc -59.70 -28.32 1 420 2010 ROV Isis; 2009 plume only
Myojin Knoll active, confirmed arc volcano Izu-Bonin Arc 32.10 139.85 1 360 1996 submersible Shinkai 2000
Kuwae submarine caldera active, inferred arc volcano New Hebrides Arc -16.82 168.50 464 2001 plume and inconclusive grab samples
Tangaroa volcano active, inferred arc volcano Kermadec Arc -36.33 178.03 890 1999 plume only
Nikko volcano active, confirmed arc volcano Mariana Arc 23.08 142.33 600 1992 submersible Shinkai 6500; 1979 first observed discolored water above the seamount
Makhahnas active, inferred arc volcano Mariana Arc 20.53 144.88 420 2003 no plume detected
Nisiros active, confirmed arc volcano Hellenic Arc, Aegean Sea 36.50 27.25 18 1991 or earlier, likely by SCUBA
Tonga Arc, Volcano 14 active, inferred arc volcano Tonga Arc -23.58 -176.71 985 2003 plume and dredge only
Eolo Seamount active, inferred arc volcano Aeolian Arc, Tyrrhenian Sea 38.58 14.17 800 1976 Fe crusts only; 2007 plume only
Piip Submarine Volcano active, confirmed arc volcano Aleutian Arc, western 55.42 167.27 500 1990 Mir submersible; 1981 R/V "Vulcanolog" cruise; 1987 (or 1986) echo-sounder fluid discharge
Matupi Harbour, Rabaul caldera, New Britain Island active, confirmed arc volcano Bismarck Arc -4.27 152.20 30 1972 or earlier
Seamount X active, confirmed arc volcano Mariana Arc 13.25 144.02 1 450 1994 or earlier submersible Shinkai 6500
Hinetapeka volcanic center active, inferred arc volcano Kermadec Arc -28.59 -177.82 300 2004 plume and dredging NZAPLUME III expedition
Wright volcanic center active, confirmed arc volcano Kermadec Arc -31.85 -179.19 1 165 2005 submersible PISCES V; 2004 plume NZAPLUME III cruise
Mata Fitu active, confirmed arc volcano Tonga Arc -14.92 -173.78 2 600 2010 towed camera
Myojinsho Caldera active, inferred arc volcano Izu-Bonin Arc 31.88 139.95 1 110 1988 deposits only; 2005 plume only
Starfish Seamount active, inferred arc volcano New Hebrides Arc -12.21 167.65 1 600 1989 plume only; 1989 towed camera survey did not confirm activity; 2002 plume and dredge only
Clark volcano active, confirmed arc volcano Kermadec Arc -36.45 177.84 930 2005 submersible Pisces V; 1999 plume only
Minami-Hiyoshi submarine volcano active, confirmed arc volcano Mariana Arc 23.50 141.94 80 2005 ROV HyperDolphin
Ahyi active, inferred arc volcano Mariana Arc 20.42 145.03 60 2003 plume only
Santorini active, confirmed arc volcano Hellenic Arc, Aegean Sea 36.43 25.40 400 1960's, likely by SCUBA; 2006 deeper vents HOV Thetis and AUV SeaBED
Tonga Arc, Volcano 15 active, inferred arc volcano Tonga Arc -23.90 -176.78 1 400 2003 plume only
Vulcano active, confirmed arc volcano Aeolian Arc, Tyrrhenian Sea 38.40 15.00 8 1960's shallow vents
Paramushir Island inactive arc volcano Kuril Arc 49.67 155.50 800 NotProvided
Luise Harbor, Lihir Island active, confirmed arc volcano Tabar-Feni Arc -3.12 152.65 30 1990 or earlier
Esmeralda Bank active, confirmed arc volcano Mariana Arc 14.97 145.25 323 1990 towed video and TV-grab; 1978 hydrothermal deposits only

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