Vent Fields

Welcome to Version 2 (an older version) of the InterRidge Global Database of Active Submarine Hydrothermal Vent Fields (the “InterRidge Vents Database”).
To sort the list of Vent Fields, click on a column header.
To view details for a specific Vent Field, click on the Name ID.
To view the subset of Vent Fields that contain a specific category, click on the category (for example, "active, confirmed" in the "Activity" column).

Vent Field Name ID Activity Tectonic Settingsort descending Region Latitude Longitude Maximum or Single Reported Depth Year and How Discovered (if active, visual confirmation is listed first)
AAR KR1 active, inferred -62.00 160.00 2011
AAR KR2 active, inferred -60.00 152.50 2011
Kemp Caldera active, confirmed arc volcano South Sandwich Arc -59.70 -28.32 1 420 2010 ROV Isis; 2009 plume only
Ahyi active, inferred arc volcano Mariana Arc 20.42 145.03 60 2003 plume only
Tonga Arc, Volcano 16 active, inferred arc volcano Tonga Arc -24.19 -176.82 1 400 2003 plume and dredge only
Suiyo Seamount active, confirmed arc volcano Izu-Bonin Arc 28.58 140.64 1 380 1991 submersible Shinkai 2000
Conical Seamount inactive arc volcano Tabar-Feni Arc -3.25 152.66 1 050 1998 TV grab survey determined inactive
Esmeralda Bank active, confirmed arc volcano Mariana Arc 14.97 145.25 323 1990 towed video and TV-grab; 1978 hydrothermal deposits only
Rumble II volcanic center, Rumble II West active, inferred arc volcano Kermadec Arc -35.36 178.52 1 500 1996 dredging only; 1999 plume only
Kermadec Arc, Volcano L active, inferred arc volcano Kermadec Arc -30.00 -178.75 200 2002 CTDO with attached discrete water sampling capability
New Hebrides Arc, Volcano A active, inferred arc volcano New Hebrides Arc -16.67 168.37 450 1974 sediment grab samples only; note: 1984 USGS cruise included video - need to check Greene and Exon (1988)
Kagoshima Bay, Sakura-jima Volcano active, confirmed arc volcano Ryukyu Arc 31.65 130.80 200 1993 towed TV system; 2007 ROV Hyper-dolphin discovered venting in Wakamiko Crater
Eolo Seamount active, inferred arc volcano Aeolian Arc, Tyrrhenian Sea 38.58 14.17 800 1976 Fe crusts only; 2007 plume only
Kos, south active, inferred arc volcano Hellenic Arc, Aegean Sea 36.67 27.25 450 1997 plume only
Tonga Arc, Volcano P active, confirmed arc volcano Tonga Arc -15.17 -173.57 1 180 2008 commercial ROV
Mokuyo Seamount active, confirmed arc volcano Izu-Bonin Arc 28.32 140.58 1 200 1990 submersible Shinkai 2000
Mata Fitu active, confirmed arc volcano Tonga Arc -14.92 -173.78 2 600 2010 towed camera
Chamorro volcano active, inferred arc volcano Mariana Arc 20.81 144.71 875 2003 plume only
Tonga Arc, Volcano 18 active, inferred arc volcano Tonga Arc -24.59 -176.92 1 465 2003 plume and dredge only
Edison Seamount active, inferred arc volcano Tabar-Feni Arc -3.31 152.58 1 450 1994 and 1998 TV grab sampling did not confirm hydrothermal activity
TOTO Caldera active, confirmed arc volcano Mariana Arc 12.72 143.53 2 960 2000 deep-tow camera (later, same year - ROV Kaiko); 1998 or earlier hydrothermal deposits dredged; 1998 plume only
Brothers volcano active, confirmed arc volcano Kermadec Arc -34.87 179.07 1 800 1998 towed camera; 1996 dredging only
Macauley Caldera active, confirmed arc volcano Kermadec Arc -30.21 -178.72 500 2002 towed camera TAN0205 cruise
Cioan active, inferred arc volcano New Hebrides Arc -16.69 168.40 300 2001 plume and inconclusive camera tow
Taketomi Thermal Area active, confirmed arc volcano Ryukyu Arc 24.35 124.10 23 1987 or earlier, likely by SCUBA
Vulcano active, confirmed arc volcano Aeolian Arc, Tyrrhenian Sea 38.40 15.00 8 1960's shallow vents
Methana active, confirmed arc volcano Hellenic Arc, Aegean Sea 37.62 23.34 10 since antiquity
Tonga Arc, Volcano J1 active, inferred arc volcano Tonga Arc -17.24 -173.95 560 2004 plume only
Doyo Seamount active, confirmed arc volcano Izu-Bonin Arc 27.68 140.82 520 1990 submersible Shinkai 2000
Mata Ono active, inferred arc volcano Tonga Arc -14.93 -173.79 2 370 2010 plume only

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