Vent Fields

Welcome to Version 2 (an older version) of the InterRidge Global Database of Active Submarine Hydrothermal Vent Fields (the “InterRidge Vents Database”).
To sort the list of Vent Fields, click on a column header.
To view details for a specific Vent Field, click on the Name ID.
To view the subset of Vent Fields that contain a specific category, click on the category (for example, "active, confirmed" in the "Activity" column).

Vent Field Name ID Activity Tectonic Settingsort descending Region Latitude Longitude Maximum or Single Reported Depth Year and How Discovered (if active, visual confirmation is listed first)
AAR KR1 active, inferred -62.00 160.00 2011
AAR KR2 active, inferred -60.00 152.50 2011
Tonga Arc, Volcano 19 active, confirmed arc volcano Tonga Arc -24.80 -177.02 970 2005 with submersibles PISCES IV and PISCES V and ROV RCV-150; 2003 plume and dredge only
Myojin Knoll active, confirmed arc volcano Izu-Bonin Arc 32.10 139.85 1 360 1996 submersible Shinkai 2000
Mata Ono active, inferred arc volcano Tonga Arc -14.93 -173.79 2 370 2010 plume only
Northwest Eifuku active, confirmed arc volcano Mariana Arc 21.49 144.04 1 604 2004 ROV ROPOS; 2003 plume only
Healy volcano active, confirmed arc volcano Kermadec Arc -34.98 179.00 1 370 2005 submersible Pisces V; 1999 plume only
Vulkanolog active, confirmed arc volcano Kermadec Arc -30.69 -178.45 130 1979 and 1998 (need to check references); 2002 plume not detected NZAPLUME II
Nikko volcano active, confirmed arc volcano Mariana Arc 23.08 142.33 600 1992 submersible Shinkai 6500; 1979 first observed discolored water above the seamount
Northwest Rota-1 volcano active, confirmed arc volcano Mariana Arc 14.60 144.78 599 2004 ROV ROPOS; 2003 plume only
Tutum Bay, Ambitle Island active, confirmed arc volcano Tabar-Feni Arc -4.08 153.67 10 1996 or earlier, likely by SCUBA
Tonga Arc, Volcano D active, inferred arc volcano Tonga Arc -19.45 -174.92 760 2004 plume only
Kuwae submarine caldera active, inferred arc volcano New Hebrides Arc -16.82 168.50 464 2001 plume and inconclusive grab samples
Piip Submarine Volcano active, confirmed arc volcano Aleutian Arc, western 55.42 167.27 500 1990 Mir submersible; 1981 R/V "Vulcanolog" cruise; 1987 (or 1986) echo-sounder fluid discharge
Enarete Seamount active, inferred arc volcano Aeolian Arc, Tyrrhenian Sea 38.63 14.00 600 1976 Fe crusts only; 1997 manganese crust only; 2007 plume only
Kos active, confirmed arc volcano Hellenic Arc, Aegean Sea 36.85 27.25 10 1991 or earlier, likely by SCUBA
Monowai Caldera active, confirmed arc volcano Tonga Arc -25.80 -177.15 1 165 2005 with submersibles PISCES IV and PISCES V and ROV RCV-150; 2004 plume only
Myojinsho Caldera active, inferred arc volcano Izu-Bonin Arc 31.88 139.95 1 110 1988 deposits only; 2005 plume only
Mata Nima inactive arc volcano Tonga Arc -14.96 -173.78 2 670 2010 no plume detected
Kasuga 2 Seamount active, confirmed arc volcano Mariana Arc 21.60 143.62 500 1987 submersible Alvin
Rumble III volcano active, confirmed arc volcano Kermadec Arc -35.73 178.47 380 2000 towed camera; 1999 plume only
Minami-Hiyoshi submarine volcano active, confirmed arc volcano Mariana Arc 23.50 141.94 80 2005 ROV HyperDolphin
West Rota volcano active, confirmed arc volcano Mariana Arc 14.33 144.83 1 150 2005 ROV Hyper-Dolphin; 2003 plume only; 2004 ROV ROPOS did not observe venting
Matupi Harbour, Rabaul caldera, New Britain Island active, confirmed arc volcano Bismarck Arc -4.27 152.20 30 1972 or earlier
Columbo active, confirmed arc volcano Hellenic Arc, Aegean Sea 36.53 25.48 500 2006 ROV Hercules
Tonga Arc, Volcano C active, inferred arc volcano Tonga Arc -20.18 -175.20 1 050 2004 SS11/2004 cruise did not detect hydrothermal activity
Starfish Seamount active, inferred arc volcano New Hebrides Arc -12.21 167.65 1 600 1989 plume only; 1989 towed camera survey did not confirm activity; 2002 plume and dredge only
Paramushir Island inactive arc volcano Kuril Arc 49.67 155.50 800 NotProvided
Jaco Scarp active, confirmed arc volcano Costa Rica fore arc 9.20 -84.80 1 792 2009 submersible Alvin
Havre active, inferred arc volcano Kermadec Arc -31.10 -179.03 1 505 2002 plume only

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