Vent Fields

Welcome to Version 2 (an older version) of the InterRidge Global Database of Active Submarine Hydrothermal Vent Fields (the “InterRidge Vents Database”).
To sort the list of Vent Fields, click on a column header.
To view details for a specific Vent Field, click on the Name ID.
To view the subset of Vent Fields that contain a specific category, click on the category (for example, "active, confirmed" in the "Activity" column).

Vent Field Name ID Activitysort descending Tectonic Setting Region Latitude Longitude Maximum or Single Reported Depth Year and How Discovered (if active, visual confirmation is listed first)
Suiyo Seamount active, confirmed arc volcano Izu-Bonin Arc 28.58 140.64 1 380 1991 submersible Shinkai 2000
Yaeyama Graben active, confirmed back-arc spreading center Okinawa Trough 25.23 124.88 1 850 2000 submersible Shinkai 6500; 1986 seafloor photos did not confirm activity
Maug Caldera active, confirmed arc volcano Mariana Arc 20.02 145.22 55 2003 SCUBA shallow vents; 2004 ROV ROPOS deeper vents; 2003 plume only deeper vents
Mounds and Microbes active, confirmed mid-ocean ridge N EPR 9.45 -104.54 2 950 2002 submersible Alvin; 1994 submersible Alvin did not confirm activity
Lilliput active, confirmed mid-ocean ridge S MAR -9.55 -13.18 1 500 2005 ROV Quest
Menez Hom active, confirmed mid-ocean ridge N MAR 37.15 -32.43 1 802 2002 ROV Victor 6000
ABE active, confirmed back-arc spreading center Lau Basin -20.76 -176.19 2 220 2004 AUV ABE; 2004 plume only on previous cruise
Steinaholl Vent Field active, confirmed mid-ocean ridge N MAR, Reykjanes Ridge 63.10 -24.53 350 1990 plume, echosounding, and towed video; 1993 plume only (included echosounding for more precise location)
South Cleft active, confirmed mid-ocean ridge JdF Ridge 44.67 -130.37 2 250 1981 deep-tow photographs; 1984 submersible Alvin
13 N Ridge Site active, confirmed back-arc spreading center Mariana Trough 13.10 143.68 2 900 2000 deep-tow camera
Not Dead Yet active, confirmed mid-ocean ridge JdF Ridge 46.69 -129.38 2 419 2007 ROV Jason II; 1991 camera tow did not confirm activity
Kairei Field active, confirmed mid-ocean ridge CIR -25.32 70.04 2 460 2000 ROV Kaiko; 1993 plume only
Hine Hina active, confirmed back-arc spreading center Lau Basin -22.53 -176.70 1 900 1989 submersible Nautile
Kawio Barat active, confirmed arc volcano Sangihe Arc 4.81 125.08 1 890 2003 towed video, CTD/transmissometer, and dredge
Mariner active, confirmed back-arc spreading center Lau Basin -22.18 -176.60 1 910 2003 plume and camera tow; 2004 submersible Shinkai 6500
Punta Banda active, confirmed other Coastal Baja California 31.75 -116.75 30 1960's commercial abalone divers
EPR, 7 25'S active, confirmed mid-ocean ridge S EPR -7.42 -107.80 2 750 1985/86 or 1989 TV grab (need to check references to confirm activity); 1998 submersible Alvin
Kagoshima Bay, Sakura-jima Volcano active, confirmed arc volcano Ryukyu Arc 31.65 130.80 200 1993 towed TV system; 2007 ROV Hyper-dolphin discovered venting in Wakamiko Crater
Rose Garden active, confirmed mid-ocean ridge Galapagos Rift 0.81 -86.23 2 550 1977 submersible Alvin; 1976 plume and photographs of clam shells did not confirm activity (note: Rose Garden is used here as the name of the vent field, but Rose Garden vent site itself not discovered until 1979)
Middle Valley, ODP Mound active, confirmed mid-ocean ridge JdF Ridge 48.43 -128.68 2 440 1992 or earlier towed video
Deception Island active, confirmed back-arc spreading center Bransfield Strait -62.95 -60.65 100 1995 or earlier (need to check reference)
Feather Duster active, confirmed mid-ocean ridge N EPR 10.93 -103.68 2 520 1984 towed camera and submersible Alvin
Ashadze 2 active, confirmed mid-ocean ridge N MAR 12.99 -44.91 3 300 2007 ROV Victor 6000; 2005 TV profiling, plume, and dredge did not confirm activity
Mokuyo Seamount active, confirmed arc volcano Izu-Bonin Arc 28.32 140.58 1 200 1990 submersible Shinkai 2000
SPOT, Hatoma Knoll active, confirmed back-arc spreading center Okinawa Trough 24.86 123.84 1 520 1999 submersible Shinkai 2000
Vienna Woods, Hydrothermal Field 4 active, confirmed back-arc spreading center Manus Basin -3.37 150.04 2 240 1990 TV-grab
EPR, 21 25'S active, confirmed mid-ocean ridge S EPR -21.43 -114.29 2 850 1984 submersible Cyana; 1983 deposits only
East Blanco Depression active, confirmed mid-ocean ridge JdF Ridge 44.22 -129.63 3 460 1994 ROV U.S. Navy's Advanced Tethered Vehicle
Banda Api active, confirmed arc volcano Banda Arc -4.53 129.87 3 1993 SCUBA
Flow active, confirmed mid-ocean ridge JdF Ridge 46.53 -129.58 2 390 1993 ROV ROPOS

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