Vent Fields

Welcome to Version 2 (an older version) of the InterRidge Global Database of Active Submarine Hydrothermal Vent Fields (the “InterRidge Vents Database”).
To sort the list of Vent Fields, click on a column header.
To view details for a specific Vent Field, click on the Name ID.
To view the subset of Vent Fields that contain a specific category, click on the category (for example, "active, confirmed" in the "Activity" column).

Vent Field Name ID Activitysort descending Tectonic Setting Region Latitude Longitude Maximum or Single Reported Depth Year and How Discovered (if active, visual confirmation is listed first)
EPR, 26 10'S active, confirmed mid-ocean ridge S EPR -26.21 -112.61 2 600 1987 or earlier [need to check Marchig & Gundlach (1987)]; 2005 submersible Alvin did not observe active vents
Teotihuacan active, confirmed mid-ocean ridge N EPR 15.73 -105.43 2 300 2010 submersible Nautile; 1997 plume only
Tonga Arc, Volcano 19 active, confirmed arc volcano Tonga Arc -24.80 -177.02 970 2005 with submersibles PISCES IV and PISCES V and ROV RCV-150; 2003 plume and dredge only
Dodo Field active, confirmed mid-ocean ridge CIR -18.35 65.31 2 730 2009 submersible Shinkai 6500; 2006 plume only
North Knoll, Iheya Ridge active, confirmed back-arc spreading center Okinawa Trough 27.79 126.90 1 070 1995 deep tow survey
Piip Submarine Volcano active, confirmed arc volcano Aleutian Arc, western 55.42 167.27 500 1990 Mir submersible; 1981 R/V "Vulcanolog" cruise; 1987 (or 1986) echo-sounder fluid discharge
Northwest Eifuku active, confirmed arc volcano Mariana Arc 21.49 144.04 1 604 2004 ROV ROPOS; 2003 plume only
Maka active, confirmed back-arc spreading center Lau Basin -15.42 -174.29 1 660 2008 commercial ROV; 2004 plume only; 2006 plume and chimney samples
Healy volcano active, confirmed arc volcano Kermadec Arc -34.98 179.00 1 370 2005 submersible Pisces V; 1999 plume only
EPR, 11 17'N active, confirmed mid-ocean ridge N EPR 11.28 -103.76 2 560 1984 Angus camera (or 1985 Argo video) tow with temperature
Vulkanolog active, confirmed arc volcano Kermadec Arc -30.69 -178.45 130 1979 and 1998 (need to check references); 2002 plume not detected NZAPLUME II
Alice Springs Field active, confirmed back-arc spreading center Mariana Trough 18.22 144.68 3 640 1987 submersible Alvin; 1982 plume only
Kilo Moana active, confirmed back-arc spreading center Lau Basin -20.05 -176.13 2 620 2004 AUV ABE; 2004 plume only on previous cruise
Northwest Rota-1 volcano active, confirmed arc volcano Mariana Arc 14.60 144.78 599 2004 ROV ROPOS; 2003 plume only
Tutum Bay, Ambitle Island active, confirmed arc volcano Tabar-Feni Arc -4.08 153.67 10 1996 or earlier, likely by SCUBA
Middle Valley, Dead Dog Vent Field active, confirmed mid-ocean ridge JdF Ridge 48.46 -128.71 2 450 1992 or earlier towed video
Logatchev active, confirmed mid-ocean ridge N MAR 14.75 -44.98 3 050 1993-1994 TV grab and towed photo system; 1995 submersible Mir followed by submersible Nautile
EPR, 9 30'N active, confirmed mid-ocean ridge N EPR 9.52 -104.24 2 580 1989 Argo I towed video
Solwara 13 active, confirmed back-arc spreading center Manus Basin -3.73 151.75 2 000 2009 commercial ROV Fugro FV300; 1993 plume only
EPR, Ridge 1, 20 40'S propaging rift active, confirmed mid-ocean ridge S EPR -20.83 -114.17 3 000 1983 Deep Tow camera
Minami-Hiyoshi submarine volcano active, confirmed arc volcano Mariana Arc 23.50 141.94 80 2005 ROV HyperDolphin
Evan active, confirmed mid-ocean ridge N MAR 37.27 -32.28 1 775 2006 submersible Nautile
Eyjafjördur active, confirmed mid-ocean ridge Kolbeinsey Ridge 65.85 -18.13 65 1997, likely by SCUBA
North Cleft, low temperature active, confirmed mid-ocean ridge JdF Ridge 44.88 -130.27 2 250 1987-1989 camera/CTD tows
Kos active, confirmed arc volcano Hellenic Arc, Aegean Sea 36.85 27.25 10 1991 or earlier, likely by SCUBA
Hook Ridge active, confirmed back-arc spreading center Bransfield Strait -62.19 -57.27 1 080 1997 hot sediment; 1995 plume only; 1999 even hotter sediment
Monowai Caldera active, confirmed arc volcano Tonga Arc -25.80 -177.15 1 165 2005 with submersibles PISCES IV and PISCES V and ROV RCV-150; 2004 plume only
Guaymas Basin, Southern Trough active, confirmed mid-ocean ridge Gulf of California 27.01 -111.41 2 000 1982 submersible Alvin; 1980 DeepTow CTD and dredging
Natsushima 84-1 Knoll active, confirmed back-arc spreading center Okinawa Trough 27.58 127.14 1 600 1986 submersible Shinkai 2000
Aden active, confirmed mid-ocean ridge Tadjoura Rift, western Gulf of Aden 11.95 43.67 1 600 1984 submersible Cyana

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