Vent Fields

Welcome to Version 2 (an older version) of the InterRidge Global Database of Active Submarine Hydrothermal Vent Fields (the “InterRidge Vents Database”).
To sort the list of Vent Fields, click on a column header.
To view details for a specific Vent Field, click on the Name ID.
To view the subset of Vent Fields that contain a specific category, click on the category (for example, "active, confirmed" in the "Activity" column).

Vent Field Name ID Activitysort descending Tectonic Setting Region Latitude Longitude Maximum or Single Reported Depth Year and How Discovered (if active, visual confirmation is listed first)
Capo Miseno, Gulf of Naples active, confirmed other Coastal Italy 40.78 14.08 20 1982 or earlier, likely by SCUBA
Banda Api active, confirmed arc volcano Banda Arc -4.53 129.87 3 1993 SCUBA
Animal Farm active, confirmed mid-ocean ridge S EPR -18.61 -113.40 2 675 1993 submersible Nautile
Tow Cam active, confirmed back-arc spreading center Lau Basin -20.32 -176.14 2 700 2004 AUV ABE; 2004 plume only on previous cruise
Stealth active, confirmed mid-ocean ridge S EPR -17.62 -113.23 2 600 1996 Argo II towed video; 1993 plume only; 1998 submersible Alvin
Rumble III volcano active, confirmed arc volcano Kermadec Arc -35.73 178.47 380 2000 towed camera; 1999 plume only
Tutum Bay, Ambitle Island active, confirmed arc volcano Tabar-Feni Arc -4.08 153.67 10 1996 or earlier, likely by SCUBA
Pito Seamount active, confirmed mid-ocean ridge S EPR -23.33 -111.64 2 270 1993 submersible Nautile
Lost City active, confirmed mid-ocean ridge N MAR 30.13 -42.12 800 2000 towed video ARGO-II and submersible Alvin
Columbo active, confirmed arc volcano Hellenic Arc, Aegean Sea 36.53 25.48 500 2006 ROV Hercules
Mounds and Microbes active, confirmed mid-ocean ridge N EPR 9.45 -104.54 2 950 2002 submersible Alvin; 1994 submersible Alvin did not confirm activity
Kueishan Island, offshore active, confirmed back-arc spreading center Okinawa Trough 24.83 122.00 1 200 2008 or earlier
South Cleft active, confirmed mid-ocean ridge JdF Ridge 44.67 -130.37 2 250 1981 deep-tow photographs; 1984 submersible Alvin
EPR, 1.4 S, off-axis active, confirmed mid-ocean ridge S EPR -1.37 -102.46 3 000 2008 towed video
Not Dead Yet active, confirmed mid-ocean ridge JdF Ridge 46.69 -129.38 2 419 2007 ROV Jason II; 1991 camera tow did not confirm activity
SWIR Area A active, confirmed mid-ocean ridge SWIR -37.78 49.65 2 785 2007 towed video sled followed by AUV ABE; 2005 plume only
Rose Garden active, confirmed mid-ocean ridge Galapagos Rift 0.81 -86.23 2 550 1977 submersible Alvin; 1976 plume and photographs of clam shells did not confirm activity (note: Rose Garden is used here as the name of the vent field, but Rose Garden vent site itself not discovered until 1979)
Marsili active, confirmed back-arc spreading center Tyrrhenian Back-Arc Basin, Tyrrhenian Sea 39.26 14.38 800 2006 ROV Cherokee; 1989 shimmering water but did not confirm activity
Capo Palinuro active, confirmed other Coastal Italy 40.02 15.27 30 1990 or earlier, likely by SCUBA
Tonga Arc, Volcano 1 active, confirmed arc volcano Tonga Arc -21.15 -175.75 210 2005 with submersibles PISCES IV and PISCES V and ROV RCV-150; 2003 plume and dredge only
Temakons active, confirmed back-arc spreading center New Hebrides back-arc -17.57 169.10 1 400 1994 towed camera with temperature
Feather Duster active, confirmed mid-ocean ridge N EPR 10.93 -103.68 2 520 1984 towed camera and submersible Alvin
Middle Valley, ODP Mound active, confirmed mid-ocean ridge JdF Ridge 48.43 -128.68 2 440 1992 or earlier towed video
Matupi Harbour, Rabaul caldera, New Britain Island active, confirmed arc volcano Bismarck Arc -4.27 152.20 30 1972 or earlier
EPR, 23 30'S active, confirmed mid-ocean ridge S EPR -23.53 -115.57 2 600 1987 or earlier [need to check Marchig & Gundlach (1987)]; 2005 submersible Alvin
Kasuga 3 Seamount active, confirmed arc volcano Mariana Arc 21.38 143.60 1 140 1987 submersible Alvin
Nisiros active, confirmed arc volcano Hellenic Arc, Aegean Sea 36.50 27.25 18 1991 or earlier, likely by SCUBA
SPOT, Yonaguni Knoll IV active, confirmed back-arc spreading center Okinawa Trough 24.85 122.70 1 385 2000 submersibles Shinkai 2000 and Shinkai 6500
East Blanco Depression active, confirmed mid-ocean ridge JdF Ridge 44.22 -129.63 3 460 1994 ROV U.S. Navy's Advanced Tethered Vehicle
Flow active, confirmed mid-ocean ridge JdF Ridge 46.53 -129.58 2 390 1993 ROV ROPOS

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