Vent Fields

Welcome to Version 2 (an older version) of the InterRidge Global Database of Active Submarine Hydrothermal Vent Fields (the “InterRidge Vents Database”).
To sort the list of Vent Fields, click on a column header.
To view details for a specific Vent Field, click on the Name ID.
To view the subset of Vent Fields that contain a specific category, click on the category (for example, "active, confirmed" in the "Activity" column).

Vent Field Name ID Activitysort descending Tectonic Setting Region Latitude Longitude Maximum or Single Reported Depth Year and How Discovered (if active, visual confirmation is listed first)
Aurora active, confirmed mid-ocean ridge Gakkel Ridge 82.88 -6.25 4 100 2001 shimmering water in camera tow and sulfide chimney in dredge
Kemp Caldera active, confirmed arc volcano South Sandwich Arc -59.70 -28.32 1 420 2010 ROV Isis; 2009 plume only
Myojin Knoll active, confirmed arc volcano Izu-Bonin Arc 32.10 139.85 1 360 1996 submersible Shinkai 2000
CDE active, confirmed back-arc spreading center Lau Basin -20.67 -176.18 2 256 2007 towed video camera; 2004 plume only; 2008 commercial ROV
Punta Santa Barbara, Bahia Conception active, confirmed other Coastal Baja California 26.67 -111.83 15 1968 or earlier, likely by SCUBA
Marsili active, confirmed back-arc spreading center Tyrrhenian Back-Arc Basin, Tyrrhenian Sea 39.26 14.38 800 2006 ROV Cherokee; 1989 shimmering water but did not confirm activity
EPR, 17 44'S active, confirmed mid-ocean ridge S EPR -17.73 -113.27 2 622 1998 submersible Alvin; 1993 plume only; not explored by Nautile in 1993 or Shinkai 6500 in 1994
Vienna Woods, Hydrothermal Field 4 active, confirmed back-arc spreading center Manus Basin -3.37 150.04 2 240 1990 TV-grab
Grimsey Field active, confirmed mid-ocean ridge Kolbeinsey Ridge 66.61 -17.65 400 1997 submersible Jago
Nikko volcano active, confirmed arc volcano Mariana Arc 23.08 142.33 600 1992 submersible Shinkai 6500; 1979 first observed discolored water above the seamount
Tu'i Malila active, confirmed back-arc spreading center Lau Basin -21.99 -176.57 1 870 2005 ROV Jason II; 2004 plume only
Baby Bare Seamount active, confirmed mid-ocean ridge JdF Ridge 47.71 -127.79 2 600 1995 submersible Alvin
EPR, Ridge 3, 20 40'S propaging rift active, confirmed mid-ocean ridge S EPR -20.33 -113.68 3 050 1983 Deep Tow camera
EPR, 9 47'N active, confirmed mid-ocean ridge N EPR 9.78 -104.28 2 560 1989 Argo I towed video; 1991 submersible Alvin
White Lady active, confirmed back-arc spreading center North Fiji Basin -16.98 173.92 2 000 1988 towed camera and plume; 1989 submersible Nautile
Lucky Strike active, confirmed mid-ocean ridge N MAR 37.29 -32.27 1 740 1993 submersible Alvin; 1992 dredge and plume only
Ashadze 2 active, confirmed mid-ocean ridge N MAR 12.99 -44.91 3 300 2007 ROV Victor 6000; 2005 TV profiling, plume, and dredge did not confirm activity
Nisiros active, confirmed arc volcano Hellenic Arc, Aegean Sea 36.50 27.25 18 1991 or earlier, likely by SCUBA
Piip Submarine Volcano active, confirmed arc volcano Aleutian Arc, western 55.42 167.27 500 1990 Mir submersible; 1981 R/V "Vulcanolog" cruise; 1987 (or 1986) echo-sounder fluid discharge
Matupi Harbour, Rabaul caldera, New Britain Island active, confirmed arc volcano Bismarck Arc -4.27 152.20 30 1972 or earlier
EPR, 26 10'S active, confirmed mid-ocean ridge S EPR -26.21 -112.61 2 600 1987 or earlier [need to check Marchig & Gundlach (1987)]; 2005 submersible Alvin did not observe active vents
Seamount X active, confirmed arc volcano Mariana Arc 13.25 144.02 1 450 1994 or earlier submersible Shinkai 6500
SPOT, Yonaguni Knoll IV active, confirmed back-arc spreading center Okinawa Trough 24.85 122.70 1 385 2000 submersibles Shinkai 2000 and Shinkai 6500
EPR, 10 02'N active, confirmed mid-ocean ridge N EPR 10.03 -104.33 2 560 1992 submersible Alvin
Wright volcanic center active, confirmed arc volcano Kermadec Arc -31.85 -179.19 1 165 2005 submersible PISCES V; 2004 plume NZAPLUME III cruise
Mata Fitu active, confirmed arc volcano Tonga Arc -14.92 -173.78 2 600 2010 towed camera
ABE active, confirmed back-arc spreading center Lau Basin -20.76 -176.19 2 220 2004 AUV ABE; 2004 plume only on previous cruise
Pika active, confirmed back-arc spreading center Mariana Trough 12.92 143.65 2 990 2003 submersible Shinkai 6500; 2003 plume only
Punta Mita, Bahia de Banderas active, confirmed other Coastal Mexico 20.77 -105.52 10 1997 photo/video most likely by SCUBA
Semyenov active, confirmed mid-ocean ridge N MAR 13.51 -44.96 2 440 2009 TV grab and photo-TV profiling; 2007 deposits only

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