Vent Fields

Welcome to Version 2 (an older version) of the InterRidge Global Database of Active Submarine Hydrothermal Vent Fields (the “InterRidge Vents Database”).
To sort the list of Vent Fields, click on a column header.
To view details for a specific Vent Field, click on the Name ID.
To view the subset of Vent Fields that contain a specific category, click on the category (for example, "active, confirmed" in the "Activity" column).

Vent Field Name ID Activitysort descending Tectonic Setting Region Latitude Longitude Maximum or Single Reported Depth Year and How Discovered (if active, visual confirmation is listed first)
Don Joao de Castro Bank active, confirmed mid-ocean ridge Terceira Rift 38.23 -26.63 45 1995 SCUBA
Tonga Arc, Volcano 19 active, confirmed arc volcano Tonga Arc -24.80 -177.02 970 2005 with submersibles PISCES IV and PISCES V and ROV RCV-150; 2003 plume and dredge only
EPR, 10 02'N active, confirmed mid-ocean ridge N EPR 10.03 -104.33 2 560 1992 submersible Alvin
North Knoll, Iheya Ridge active, confirmed back-arc spreading center Okinawa Trough 27.79 126.90 1 070 1995 deep tow survey
Maka active, confirmed back-arc spreading center Lau Basin -15.42 -174.29 1 660 2008 commercial ROV; 2004 plume only; 2006 plume and chimney samples
Rainbow active, confirmed mid-ocean ridge N MAR 36.23 -33.90 2 320 1997 submersible Nautile
Maug Caldera active, confirmed arc volcano Mariana Arc 20.02 145.22 55 2003 SCUBA shallow vents; 2004 ROV ROPOS deeper vents; 2003 plume only deeper vents
Vulkanolog active, confirmed arc volcano Kermadec Arc -30.69 -178.45 130 1979 and 1998 (need to check references); 2002 plume not detected NZAPLUME II
Punta Mita, Bahia de Banderas active, confirmed other Coastal Mexico 20.77 -105.52 10 1997 photo/video most likely by SCUBA
Alice Springs Field active, confirmed back-arc spreading center Mariana Trough 18.22 144.68 3 640 1987 submersible Alvin; 1982 plume only
Kilo Moana active, confirmed back-arc spreading center Lau Basin -20.05 -176.13 2 620 2004 AUV ABE; 2004 plume only on previous cruise
Taketomi Thermal Area active, confirmed arc volcano Ryukyu Arc 24.35 124.10 23 1987 or earlier, likely by SCUBA
Tutum Bay, Ambitle Island active, confirmed arc volcano Tabar-Feni Arc -4.08 153.67 10 1996 or earlier, likely by SCUBA
Middle Valley, Dead Dog Vent Field active, confirmed mid-ocean ridge JdF Ridge 48.46 -128.71 2 450 1992 or earlier towed video
TAG active, confirmed mid-ocean ridge N MAR 26.14 -44.83 3 670 1985 towed camera and temperature anomaly; 1986 submersible Alvin
Healy volcano active, confirmed arc volcano Kermadec Arc -34.98 179.00 1 370 2005 submersible Pisces V; 1999 plume only
Solwara 13 active, confirmed back-arc spreading center Manus Basin -3.73 151.75 2 000 2009 commercial ROV Fugro FV300; 1993 plume only
Stealth active, confirmed mid-ocean ridge S EPR -17.62 -113.23 2 600 1996 Argo II towed video; 1993 plume only; 1998 submersible Alvin
Kolbeinsey Field active, confirmed mid-ocean ridge Kolbeinsey Ridge 67.08 -18.72 110 1988 submersible GEO
North Cleft, low temperature active, confirmed mid-ocean ridge JdF Ridge 44.88 -130.27 2 250 1987-1989 camera/CTD tows
Doyo Seamount active, confirmed arc volcano Izu-Bonin Arc 27.68 140.82 520 1990 submersible Shinkai 2000
Semyenov active, confirmed mid-ocean ridge N MAR 13.51 -44.96 2 440 2009 TV grab and photo-TV profiling; 2007 deposits only
EPR, 3.9 N offset active, confirmed mid-ocean ridge N EPR 3.92 -102.23 2 875 1989 or earlier Deep Tow photographs (cruise RIFTS or PAPATUA)
EPR, 9 40'N active, confirmed mid-ocean ridge N EPR 9.65 -104.26 2 572 1989 Argo I towed video; 1991 submersible Alvin
SWIR Area A active, confirmed mid-ocean ridge SWIR -37.78 49.65 2 785 2007 towed video sled followed by AUV ABE; 2005 plume only
Kos active, confirmed arc volcano Hellenic Arc, Aegean Sea 36.85 27.25 10 1991 or earlier, likely by SCUBA
Animal Farm active, confirmed mid-ocean ridge S EPR -18.61 -113.40 2 675 1993 submersible Nautile
Hook Ridge active, confirmed back-arc spreading center Bransfield Strait -62.19 -57.27 1 080 1997 hot sediment; 1995 plume only; 1999 even hotter sediment
Moytirra active, confirmed mid-ocean ridge N MAR 45.48 -27.85 3 000 2011 ROV Holland 1; 2008 plume only MAPRs, ROV Isis buoyant plume, but no visual confirmation
Monowai Caldera active, confirmed arc volcano Tonga Arc -25.80 -177.15 1 165 2005 with submersibles PISCES IV and PISCES V and ROV RCV-150; 2004 plume only

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