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Northwest Eifuku

FeatureID: 
NW_Eifuku
Name Alias(es): 
NW Eifuku
Northwest Eifuku Seamount
Vent Sites: 
Champagne
Cliff House
More Mussels
Top Towers
Near Fouling
Fouling Heights
Sulphur Spicules
Bacterial Balls
Floc
Ice Cream
Ice Fall
Ice Sheet
Mussel Mound
Walter Grenade
Temperature
Maximum Temperature: 
105
Location
Latitude: 
21.485
Longitude: 
144.043
Ocean: 
Region: 
Depth (m)
Maximum or Single Reported Depth: 
1604
Minimum Depth: 
1573
Tectonic setting: 
Host Rock: 
basalt-hosted
Deposit Type: 
NotProvided
Notes on Vent Field Description: 
liquid CO2 from white smokers, temperature 105 C (www.volcano.si.edu #0804-136); "first observation of liquid CO2 emission from a bare-rock basaltic system in an active magmatic arc setting"; online: http://www.oceanexplorer.noaa.gov/explorations/06fire/background/chemistry/chemistry.html; located within U.S. Marianas Trench Marine National Monument (http://www.fws.gov/marianastrenchmarinemonument/)
Notes Relevant to Biology: 
mussels, shrimp, microbial mats (http://www.pmel.noaa.gov/vents/marianas/rof2006/eifuku06.html)
Year and How Discovered (if active, visual confirmation is listed first): 
2004 ROV ROPOS; 2003 plume only
References
Discovery References (text): 
Lupton, J. et al. (2004) Liquid Carbon Dioxide Venting at the Champagne Hydrothermal Site, NW Eifuku Volcano, Mariana Arc. American Geophysical Union, Fall Meeting 2004, abstract #V43F-08
(plume only) Embley, R et al (2004) Explorations of Mariana Arc volcanoes reveal new hydrothermal systems. EOS, Trans. AGU 85(4): 37, 40.
Other References (text): 
Embley, RW et al. (2007) Exploring the submarine ring of fire Mariana Arc - Western Pacific. Oceanography 20(4): 68-79.