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Banda Api

FeatureID: 
BandaApi
Vent Sites: 
red vent
"clear" vent
Location
Latitude: 
-4.525
Longitude: 
129.871
Ocean: 
Region: 
National Jurisdiction: 
Depth (m)
Maximum or Single Reported Depth: 
3
Tectonic setting: 
Host Rock: 
NotProvided
Deposit Type: 
NotProvided
Taxonomy upgrade extras: 
Notes on Vent Field Description: 
Heikoop et al. (1996): 60 C at 10-20 cm below sediment surface; Global Volcanism Program #0605-09
Notes Relevant to Biology: 
note: the hydrothermal vents are considered a "natural disturbance" to the coral reefs in this area (Tomascik et al. 1997)
Year and How Discovered (if active, visual confirmation is listed first): 
1993 SCUBA
References
Discovery References (text): 
Heikoop et al. (1996) Corals as Proxy Recorders of Volcanic Activity: Evidence from Banda Api, Indonesia. Palaios 11: 286-292.
Other References (text): 
Tomascik et al. (1997) The ecology of the Indonesian Seas. Part one. Periplus Editions.