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Axial Volcano, South Rift Zone

FeatureID: 
SRZ
Name Alias(es): 
SRZ
Axial Gardens
Sonne
Lava Flow 98
Axial Seamount
Vent Sites: 
Bag City
Crevice
Coquille
Dying
Blue nose
Castle
Circ
Cloud
Easy
Iron City
Joystick
Magnesia
Milky
Minisnow
Old flow
Old worms
Oxide
Nascent
Pillar
Roof
Snail
Snow
The Pit
Village
Location
Latitude: 
45.9417
Longitude: 
-129.983
Ocean: 
Region: 
National Jurisdiction: 
Depth (m)
Maximum or Single Reported Depth: 
1544
Minimum Depth: 
1530
Tectonic setting: 
Full Spreading Rate (mm/a): 
56
Host Rock: 
MORB, E-MORB
Deposit Type: 
NotProvided
Taxonomy upgrade extras: 
Notes on Vent Field Description: 
southeastern side of Axial Seamount; note: 1986 submersible Pisces IV Dive 1730, may have been preceded by camera tows; Embley et al. (1990): "Although no high-temperature vents have been discovered along the SRZ, this area seems to contain the most areally extensive venting"; area affected by eruption and lava flow in 1998 - Embley et al. (1999): "partial or total burial of pre-existing mature vent communities"; axial seamount (volcano), hotspot influence
Notes Relevant to Biology: 
NotProvided
Year and How Discovered (if active, visual confirmation is listed first): 
1986 submersible Pisces IV
References
Discovery References (text): 
NEED CITATION.
Other References (text): 
Embley et al., J. Geophys. Res., 95, B8, 12785-12812, 1990, High-Resolution Studies of the Summit of Axial Volcano, doi:10.1029/JB095iB08p12785
Embley et al. (1999) 1998 eruption of Axial Volcano: multibeam anomalies and seafloor observations. Geophys Res Letters 26: 3425-3428
Herzig et al. (1997) Hydrothermal activity and rift-induced tracers at Axial (Juan de Fuca ridge): Results of cruise SO-109 of R/V Sonne-ROPOS. InterRidge News 6(1): 35-38.