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Aden

FeatureID: 
Aden
Location
Latitude: 
11.95
Longitude: 
43.6667
Ocean: 
National Jurisdiction: 
Depth (m)
Maximum or Single Reported Depth: 
1600
Minimum Depth: 
1400
Tectonic setting: 
Full Spreading Rate (mm/a): 
19.1
Host Rock: 
basalt-hosted
Deposit Type: 
NFS, Fe & Mn rich crusts
Taxonomy upgrade extras: 
Notes on Vent Field Description: 
oceanic rift (early opening); widespread low temperature venting; Choukroune et al. (1988): "...the sites of recent volcanism, tectonics and hydrothermal activity within the axial part of the Gulf of Tadjoura coincide with topographic highs trending at a high angle (azimuth 135°) with respect to the average trend of the axial trough of the Gulf (azimuth 080°)."; note: Tadjoura Rift is western extension of Aden Ridge
Notes Relevant to Biology: 
shrimps, actinians, galatheid crabs; Juniper et al. (1990): "The shrimp appeared to be suspension-feeding with the posterior abdomen attached to the basalt substratum and the thoracic appendages held in the overlying water."
Year and How Discovered (if active, visual confirmation is listed first): 
1984 submersible Cyana
References
Discovery References (text): 
[Choukroune et al. (1986) Tectonics of the westernmost Gulf of Aden and the Gulf of Tadjoura from submersible observations. Nature 319: 396-399, doi:10.1038/319396a0
Choukroune et al. (1988) Tectonics of an incipient oceanic rift. Marine Geophysical Researches 9: 147-163, DOI 10.1007/BF00369246.]
Other References (text): 
[(might have different lat/lon) Cann et al., A hydrothermal deposit from the floor of the Gulf of Aden. Mineralogical Magazine, 41, 193-199, 1977]
Juniper et al. (1990) Regional-scale features of Northeast Pacific, East Pacific Rise, and Gulf of Aden vent communities. In: McMurray, ed., Gorda Ridge: a seafloor spreading center in the United States Exclusive Economic Zone. Springer, NY: 265-278.