Vent Fields

Welcome to the InterRidge Global Database of Active Submarine Hydrothermal Vent Fields (the “InterRidge Vents Database”).
To sort the list of Vent Fields, click on a column header.
To view details for a specific Vent Field, click on the Name ID.
To view the subset of Vent Fields that contain a specific category, click on the category (for example, "active, confirmed" in the "Activity" column).

Vent Field Name IDsort descending Activity Tectonic Setting Region Latitude Longitude Maximum or Single Reported Depth Year and How Discovered (if active, visual confirmation is listed first)
13 N Ridge Site active, confirmed back-arc spreading center Mariana Trough 13.10 143.68 2 900 2000 deep-tow camera
94SO2 active, inferred back-arc spreading center New Hebrides back-arc -19.40 169.90 980 1994 towed camera with temperature did not confirm activity
AAR KR1 active, inferred -62.00 160.00 2011
AAR KR2 active, inferred -60.00 152.50 2011
ABE active, confirmed back-arc spreading center Lau Basin -20.76 -176.19 2 220 2004 AUV ABE; 2004 plume only on previous cruise
Aden active, confirmed mid-ocean ridge Tadjoura Rift, western Gulf of Aden 11.95 43.67 1 600 1984 submersible Cyana
Aden New Century Mountains active, inferred mid-ocean ridge Tadjoura Rift, western Gulf of Aden 12.08 45.67 800 2000-2001 plume only
Adventure Caldera active, confirmed arc volcano South Sandwich Arc -59.72 -27.86 520 2011 SHRIMP towed camera system; 2010 high resolution bathymetry only
AHA Field active, confirmed mid-ocean ridge N EPR 1.73 -102.28 2 850 2000 towed imaging ARGO-II
Ahyi active, inferred arc volcano Mariana Arc 20.42 145.03 60 2003 plume only
Akuseki-jima active, confirmed arc volcano Ryukyu Arc 29.46 129.60 5 1993 or earlier, likely by SCUBA
Alice Springs Field active, confirmed back-arc spreading center Mariana Trough 18.22 144.68 3 640 1987 submersible Alvin; 1982 plume only
AMAR active, inferred mid-ocean ridge N MAR 36.38 -33.65 2 600 1992 plume only; 1994 plume only
Animal Farm active, confirmed mid-ocean ridge S EPR -18.61 -113.40 2 675 1993 submersible Nautile
Ashadze active, confirmed mid-ocean ridge N MAR 12.97 -44.86 4 200 2003 TV profiling; 2007 ROV Victor 6000
Ashadze 2 active, confirmed mid-ocean ridge N MAR 12.99 -44.91 3 300 2007 ROV Victor 6000; 2005 TV profiling, plume, and dredge did not confirm activity
Ashadze 3 active, inferred mid-ocean ridge N MAR 12.99 -44.86 4 200 2005 plume and dredge only
Ashadze 4 inactive mid-ocean ridge N MAR 12.97 -44.85 4 530 2007 ROV VICTOR 6000 did not find hydrothermal activity
Atlantis II Deep active, inferred mid-ocean ridge Red Sea 21.37 38.08 2 200 1965 "confirmed" hot brine and cored seafloor, but see Table 1 in Miller et al. (1966) for historical measurements
Aurora active, confirmed mid-ocean ridge Gakkel Ridge 82.88 -6.25 4 100 2001 shimmering water in camera tow and sulfide chimney in dredge
Axial Volcano, ASHES active, confirmed mid-ocean ridge JdF Ridge 45.93 -130.02 1 540 1984 submersible Alvin
Axial Volcano, CASM active, confirmed mid-ocean ridge JdF Ridge 45.99 -130.03 1 580 1983 submersible Pisces IV
Axial Volcano, South Rift Zone active, confirmed mid-ocean ridge JdF Ridge 45.94 -129.98 1 544 1986 submersible Pisces IV
Baby Bare Seamount active, confirmed mid-ocean ridge JdF Ridge 47.71 -127.79 2 600 1995 submersible Alvin
Baily's Beads active, confirmed mid-ocean ridge S MAR -13.28 -14.41 2 288 2009 towed video
Banda Api active, confirmed arc volcano Banda Arc -4.53 129.87 3 1993 SCUBA
Banua Wuhu submarine volcano active, confirmed arc volcano Sangihe Arc 3.14 125.49 10 1996 or earlier, likely by SCUBA
Bataan active, inferred arc volcano Luzon/Bicol Arc 20.00 122.00 2002 or earlier some indications of activity
Bayonnaise Knoll caldera active, inferred back-arc spreading center Izu-Bonin back-arc 31.97 139.73 800 2003 temperature anomalies, but camera survey observed inactive vent deposits
Beebe active, confirmed mid-ocean ridge Mid-Cayman Rise 18.54 -81.72 4 960 April 2010 (Autosub6000 AUV and HyBIS TVG; 2009 plume only

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